Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 39 : Points 54-56 Shaykh al Fawzaan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said: And to have patience with the judgement of Allaah.[
55] And to have eemaan in all the decrees of Allaah, the good and the bad, the sweet and the bitter.
 And to have eemaan in whatever Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, has said. Allaah knew whatever the servants were going to do and where they were heading to, they do not escape from the knowledge of Allaah and there is nothing in the earth or in the heavens except that which is known by Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic.
A mention of this has already preceded at the beginning of the levels of eemaan in Al-Qadaa W’al Qadr (preordainment and predecree). And using predecree and preordainment as an evidence when calamities strike, which a person does not have a choice about, is something praiseworthy because this shows his being satisfied and his submitting.
He, the Most High, said:
وَبَشِّرِ الصَّابِرِينَ – 2:155
الَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُم مُّصِيبَةٌ قَالُوا إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ – 2:156
And give glad tidings to those who have patience, those who when they are struck by calamity, they say “Indeed we belong to Allaah and to Him we shall return.” (Sooratul-Baqarah (2), aayah 155-156)
But as for using predecree and preordainment as a proof for evil deeds, which they commit and do by choice then they have no argument in predecree for that. Rather, they are punished for their deeds and they are falling short and the gate to repentance is open instead of arguing with Allaah saying: “Why did You decree this upon me?” while you have abandoned the repentance. This is from blameworthy inabilities. Rather, hasten to repentance and seek forgiveness and blame yourself. So, this is what is required from the servant that he should look at his own deeds.
وَلْتَنظُرْ نَفْسٌ مَّا قَدَّمَتْ لِغَدٍ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ – 59:18
"And let each soul look and see what deeds it puts forward for the Day of Judgement." (Sooratul-Hashr (59), aayah 18)
Look at your deeds, it is possible for you to change them and to repent from them and to seek forgiveness. As for preordainment and predecree then that is the affair for Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, it is not your matter.
His saying, “And they will not exit from the Knowledge of Allaah,” everything Allaah has full knowledge of it and He, the Perfect and Most High fully encompasses it. He knows the disbelief of the disbeliever and the sin of the sinful person and the oppression of the oppressor. It is not hidden from Him. He knows the obedience of the obedient person and the actions of the obedient person. He knows this and that. However, He gives them some respite, gives them some time perhaps they will repent, perhaps they will return back. So if they repent, well and good otherwise in front of them is the reckoning; the hisaab. So, Allaah does not neglect them at all."
His saying, “And there is not in the earth nor in the heavens except that which is known by Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic,” this is just as has preceded, everything is known by Allaah, whatever was in the past and whatever will be in the future, all of it Allaah has encompassed it with His Knowledge, nothing whatsoever is hidden from Him, He, the Perfect and Most High. He knew it and He decreed it and He wrote it and He wished it and willed it and He created it."
Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah
Transcribed by Saima Zaher.
Audio Source: https://soundcloud.com/abdurrahmanorg/glad-tidings-to-those-who-have-patience-when-they-are-struck-by-calamity